Trauma Symptom Inventory – 2 (TSI-2)

John Briere, PhD

Purpose: Evaluate acute and chronic posttraumatic symptomatology

Age range: 18 to 88 years

Admin: Individual or group

Admin time: 20 minutes

Scoring time: 20 minutes

A broadband measure, the TSI-2 is designed to evaluate posttraumatic stress and other psychological sequelae of traumatic events, including the effects of sexual and physical assault, intimate partner violence, combat, torture, motor vehicle accidents, mass casualty events, medical trauma, traumatic losses, and childhood abuse or neglect.

Features and benefits

  • New scales, subscales, and factors. Three scales (Insecure Attachment, Somatic Preoccupations, and Suicidality) and several subscales, as well as four summary factors (Self-Disturbance, Posttraumatic Stress, Externalization, and Somatization), are new or have been significantly reconfigured.
  • Improved validity scales. New items assess clients’ tendencies to deny symptoms that are commonly endorsed, to over-endorse unusual or bizarre symptoms, or to respond in an inconsistent or random manner; the instrument now addresses malingering.
  • New norms. An all-new standardization sample comprised 678 individuals whose demographics closely matched those of the U.S. Census.Test structure
  • A 136-item carbonless form assesses a wide range of potentially complex symptomatology, ranging from PTSD, dissociation, and somatization to insecure attachment styles, impaired self- capacities, and dysfunctional behaviors.
  • Eight critical items help identify issues that potentially represent severe psychological disturbance or danger to the respondent or others.
  • The TSI-2-A is a 126-item alternate version that does not contain any sexual symptom items. Technical informationThe validation sample consisted of five non-overlapping clinical groups: combat veterans, individuals with borderline personality disorder, sexual abuse victims, victims of domestic violence, and incarcerated women. A sample of subjects simulating PTSD was used to test malingering.